Biosystematic study in the genus solanum section oliganthes

by Mazin Nawaf Al-Ani

Publisher: University ofBirmingham in Birmingham

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 367
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Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D) - University of Birmingham, School of Biological Sciences, 1992.

StatementMazin Nawaf Al-Ani.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20860468M

Scarlet (Solanum aethiopicum) and gboma (S. macrocarpon) eggplants are major vegetable crops in sub-Saharan Africa. Together with their respective wild ancestors (S. anguivi and S. dasyphyllum) and intermediate cultivated-wild forms they constitute the so-called scarlet and gboma eggplant complexes. We used conventional descriptors and the high-throughput phenomics tool Tomato Analyzer for Cited by: The Solanum family of plants is a large genus under the family umbrella of Solanaceae that includes up to 2, species, ranging from food crops, such as the potato and the tomato, to various ornamentals and medicinal following entails interesting information about the Solanum genus and types of Solanum plants.. Information about Solanum Genus. Solanum nigrum, the European black nightshade or simply black nightshade or blackberry nightshade, is a species in the genus Solanum, native to Eurasia and introduced in the Americas, Australasia, and South berries and cooked leaves of edible strains are used as food in some locales, and plant parts are used as a traditional medicine.A tendency exists in literature to incorrectly Family: Solanaceae. Biosystematic study of the Spiranthes cernua complex New York State Mus. Bull. Shilling, E.E. Systematics of Solanum sect. Solanum (Solanaceae) in North America Syst. Bot.

1. Introduction. The pepino (Solanum muricatum) is an herbaceous crop native to the Andean region grown for its juicy fruits, which are mostly consumed as a refreshing dessert fruit like melon (Heiser, , Heiser, , National Research Council, , Prohens et al., ).Apart from the current most important use, as a fresh, uncooked fruit, pepino fruits can also be used in salads in the Cited by: Cross-incompatibility and self-incompatibility: unrelated phenomena in wild and cultivated potatoes? Juan Federico Maune, a Elsa Lucila Camadro, a b Luis Ernesto Erazzú d e c a Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias (FCA), Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata (UNMdP), Ruta Nacional Km (), Balcarce, Buenos Aires, by: 4. Solanum aethiopicum and S. anguivi are the African taxa of Solanum section Oliganthes series Aethiopica. Solanum aethiopicum was assumed to have been domesticated from S. anguivi (Lester and Niakan, ) and the evidences of close affinity between these species have been reported in many previous studies (Stedje and Bukenya-Ziraba, Cited by:   Eggplant is the fifth most economically important solanaceous crop after potato, tomato, pepper, and tobacco. Apart from the well-known brinjal eggplant (Solanum melongena L.), two other under-utilized eggplant species, the scarlet eggplant (S. aethiopicum L.) and the gboma eggplant (S. macrocarpon L.) are also cultivated. The taxonomy and identification of eggplant wild relatives is Cited by:

Introduction. Genus Solanum L. is the type genus of the family Solanaceae and comprises about species constituting the largest and most complex genus within this family, it distributed in the temperate and tropical regions of the world (Jennifer and James, ).In the Egyptian flora, the genus Solanum is represented by nine wild species, namely; S. coagulans, S. elaeagnifolium, S Cited by: 2. Solanum, the nightshades, horsenettles and relatives, is a large and diverse genus of annual and perennial grow as forbs, vines, subshrubs, shrubs, and small trees, and often have attractive fruit and formerly independent genera like Lycopersicon (the tomatoes) or Cyphomandra are included in Solanum as subgenera or sections today.. Thus, the genus nowadays contains. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. (Linnaeus)). The genus Solanum is a polymorphous and largely tropical and subtropical genus containing more than species (Fernald ; Spooner and Knapp ). Taxonomists have experienced difficulty in the ordering of species within the Solanum Size: 1MB.

Biosystematic study in the genus solanum section oliganthes by Mazin Nawaf Al-Ani Download PDF EPUB FB2

Phylogenetic relationships and genetic variation were examined in the genus Solanum based on the random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) technique.

Lathyrocarpum as well as an additional 83 species. The Solanum Oliganthes group was poorly defined morphologically and contained species of spiny solanums that were placed in dif-ferent infrageneric groups in subsequent treatments. Later, Seithe () proposed a taxonomy of Solanum based on hair types, and many of the species in the Solanum.

Ethnobotanical Study an d Distribution of the Solanum Section Solanum Species (Solana ceae) in Iran Eskandari M (Ph.D. Student) 1,3, Assadi M (Ph.D.) 2, Shirzadian S (Ph.D.) 3. Abstract. Various taxonomic methods are being used to clarify the systematics of Solanum section Solanum, the large and variable species group centring around the black nightshade, S.

nigrum. To put the experimental work into perspective, a summary of former taxonomic treatments is given, together with an outline of the provisional taxonomic framework of the section, initially Cited by:   Al-Ani MN () Biosystematic study in the genus Solanum section Oliganthes.

Ph.D., Birmingham (UK) Google Scholar Ali M, Okubo H, Fujieda K () Production and characterization of Solanum amphidiploids and their resistance to bacterial by: 1. Abstract. The potato of commerce belongs to a single species, Solanum tuberosum L., apart from certain cultivated forms in South America which will be mentioned later and which are generally regarded as distinct.

Other well-known cultivated plants in the genus Solanum are the egg-plant or aubergine (S. melongena), the pepino ( by: Retrieved from "?title=Solanum_sect._Oliganthes&oldid=". which belong to the genus Solanum. Most species within this genus are endemic to Most species within this genus are endemic to the Americas, only 20% are Old World species.

Biosystematics. This section of the IBO Curriculum is based on The Tree of Life Project (ToL) that provides information about biodiversity, the characteristics of different groups of organisms, and their evolutionary history that illustrate the genetic connections between all living things.

Students should have a working knowledge of the structure and function, evolutionary and ecological. Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the also contains the nightshades and horse nettles, as well as numerous plants cultivated for their ornamental flowers and fruit.

Solanum species show a wide range of growing habits, such as annual and perennials, vines, subshrubs, shrubs Family: Solanaceae. The genus Solanum Linn. is one of the largest angiosperm genera with approximately 1, species distributed worldwide (Boh, ). The species in this genus are erect or climbing herbs, shrubs or rarely small shrub globally (Purseglove, ).

Known cultivated species of economic importance are: S. muricatum Aiton. Abstract. Eggplant is a generic name encompassing several species of Solanum cultivated for their fruits, in particular the aubergine (S. melongena L.) of East Asian origin, and the two African indigenous Scarlet (S. aethiopicum L.) and Gboma (S.

macrocarpon L.) eggplants. These three species are closely related to each other and share a common set of numerous wild relatives, all Author: Xavier Aubriot, Marie-Christine Daunay. Taxonomic study on the wild species of genus Solanum L. in Egypt Article (PDF Available) in Annals of Agricultural Sciences 61(2) December with Reads How we measure 'reads'.

As a part of cropimprovement activity, a modest collection of genus 'Solanum' germplasm is being maintained at the Gene Bank, Plant Genetic Resources Centre (PGRC), Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangladesh.

The Solanum nigrum Complex (Black Night Shade) Grown in the Rift Valley, Western and Nyanza Provinces of Kenya S. villosum has popularity and its consumption is high compared to S.

scabrum that is also available.S. villosum was characterized by its less bitter taste when cooked. The leaves for this species appeared to have a serrated Size: KB. The cosmopolitan genus Solanum L., containing ca.

1, species, is among the largest genera of flowering plants and includes several economically important species such as potato, tomato, and eggplant ().The largest subgenus within Solanum is S. subg. Leptostemonum (Dunal) Bitter, consisting of – species distributed worldwide and informally known as the “spiny solanums.”Cited by: 6.

With an estimated species, Solanum is the largest genus in the Solanaceae and one of the largest genera of flowering lar phylogenetic analyses have established that the formerly segregate genera Lycopersicon, Cyphomandra, Normania, and Triguera are nested within Solanum, and all species of these four genera have been transferred to Solanum.

Morphological data and results from scanning electron microscopy of seeds and pollen show that NormaniaLowe [syn. Solanum L. subg. Potatoe (G. Don) D'Arcy sect. Normania (Lowe) Bitter] (Solanaceae: Solaneae) should be considered as a distinct genus from Solanum L.

It has two species, one restricted to the island of Madeira Cited by: The taxonomy of wild potato species, belonging to section Petota of the genus Solanum, is known to be problematic []. Identification of many species is difficult and the systematic relationships among the wild potatoes are not clear.

One of the causes for these difficulties is the ability of many species to hybridize easily [2].Cited by: Hasan SMZ. () Biosystematic study of Solanum melongena L. in Asia and Africa. PhD thesis, University of Birmingham, UK. Hepper FN, Jaeger P-ML. () Name changes for two Old World Solanum species.

Kew Bulletin doi: /; Jaeger P-ML. () Systematic studies in the genus Solanum in Africa. PhD by: 5. The related genus Lycianthes also has 5-merous flowers with poricidal anther dehiscence, but the two genera can be distinguished by their calyx thes has a truncate calyx, frequently with 5 to 10 linear teeth that emerge below the calyx margin.

The calyx in Solanum is 5-lobed and lacks submarginal teeth. Several species or clades of Solanum exhibit floral modifications. Solanum evolvuloides is a species of Solanum, which was first described in by Giacomin & Stehmann. Solanum evolvuloides belongs to section Gonatotrichum, a small group assigned to the Brevantherum Clade of the genus Solanum.

It resembles Solanum turneroides Chodat, sharing with it heterandry, and Solanum parcistrigosum Bitter, with which it shares a similar habit and : Solanaceae.

Eggplant and the genus Solanum. The genus Solanum (ca. species; Nee, ) contains many species of economic value and economic potential for both food and medicine.

Most well studied food crops within Solanum are from the New World (e.g., tomato and potato). The origin of eggplant, Solanum melongena L., is Old by: Solanum torvum is a bushy, erect and spiny perennial plant used horticulturally as a rootstock for eggplant.

Grafted plants are very vigorous and tolerate diseases affecting the root system, thus allowing the crop to continue for a second : Solanaceae.

This is a list of species in the plant genus may be up to approximately species worldwide. With some accepted specific and infra-specific taxa of the more than 4, described, the genus Solanum contains more species than any other genus in the family Solanaceae and it is one of the largest among the angiosperms.

Phylogenetic analysis of molecular data has established. The genus Solanum comprises over species and is almost cosmopolitan, with at least indigenous African species. Solanum aethiopicum belongs to subgenus Leptostemonum section Oliganthes, which comprises about 45 species.

Four cultivar-groups are recognized within Solanum aethiopicum, three of which are important for Africa: – Gilo Group.

Species Problems and Taxonomic Background of Solanum Section Petota. As detailed by Spooner & van den Berg (), Solanum section Petota has been the subject of intensive taxonomic work since the description of the cultivated potato, S.

tuberosum (Linnaeus, ).In total, there are epithets for wild taxa and epithets for cultivated taxa, including names not validly published Cited by: Solanum is one of the largest plant genera and exhibits a wide range of morphological m section Gonatotrichum, the focus of this study, is unique within the genus because of its fruits that swell with turgor pressure and explosively dehisce to disperse the infer phylogenetic relationships within section Gonatotrichum using DNA sequence data from two nuclear regions Cited by: 4.

Abstract. Five taxa ofSolanum hrum were studied in an effort to clarify their taxonomic position and to determine the effective evolutionary mechanisms.

Methods included an analysis of chromosome number and behavior, artificial hybridizations and a study of herbarium by:   Introduction.

Eggplants (or aubergines, Solanum melongena L.) are the second most important solanaceous fruit crop after tomato (S. lycopersicum L.). Both are members of the large and species-rich genus Solanum L. (Solanaceae), as is the potato (S.

tuberosum L.).Solanum is one of the ten most species-rich genera of flowering plants and has approximately species that occur on all Cited by:. Solanum tuberosum Group Phureja is a cultivar-group of diploid potato plants originating from the Andean valleys in South America. The group differs from other potato cultivar-groups by the absence of dormant tubers.

This means that the tuber immediately begins to .Sections comprising the subgenera of Solanum follow Child and Lester and Lester et al., except that Cyphomandra (Cav.) Sendtn.

is incorporated into Solanum section Pachyphyllum Dunal. Total numbers of species for each genus are based on D’Arcy, Olmstead and Bohs, and Olmstead et al.

[25,26,58,59], unless indicated by: Solanum paniculatum, commonly known as jurubeba, is a nightshade common in almost all of is used as a medicinal plant and has a bitter taste.

[citation needed]An infusion of its stem and its root in sugar cane alcohol is popularly used as an apéritif or a digestif. Synonyms. Well known in its native range, this species has been described time and again under different now-invalid Family: Solanaceae.